- 1 KVS TGT Syllabus 2018 – Mathematics, Science, Social, English
- 2 KVS Trained Graduate Teachers Syllabus 2018 | Exam Pattern
- 3 KVS TGT Exam Pattern 2018
- 4 Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan TGT Syllabus
- 4.1 Syllabus for examination to recruit TGT (Mathematics) in KVS
- 4.2 FOR THE RECRUITMENT OF TGTs OF ENGLISHEXAMINATION OBJECTIVES
- 4.3 Syllabus for recruitment of TGTs of English
- 4.4 Reading Comprehension
- 4.5 Writing ability
- 4.6 Section – D Knowledge of Literature/Literacy Trends
- 4.7 SYLLABUS FOR RECRUITMENT OF TGT(Sc)
KVS TGT Syllabus 2018 – Mathematics, Science, Social, English
KVS TGT Syllabus 2018 is available here. Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan Trained Graduate Teachers Syllabus & Exam Pattern had given here on our website for free download. Candidates who are applied for KVS Trained Graduate Teachers (TGT) Recruitment have started their Exam preparation for the Written Test must download the pdf of KVS Trained Graduate Teachers Exam Syllabus and Exam Pattern pdf for free download. All those applicants can check the KVS TGT Syllabus and can download. Here, we are providing the KVS Trained Graduate Teachers Previous papers along with solutions. Click the below links to download the KVSL Trained Graduate Teachers Previous Papers, Syllabus and Exam Pattern. Get KVS TGT Syllabus 2018 and Exam Pattern pdf for free download.
KVS Trained Graduate Teachers Syllabus 2018 | Exam Pattern
Candidates who are applied for Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan KVS Trained Graduate Teachers Exam can get syllabus from here. Exam Syllabus Plays a Crucial Role in exam preparation. Without having the knowledge of KVS Syllabus 2018 TGT Exam, individuals cannot clearly present in the written examination. Therefore, candidates to qualify the examination to know the in depth KVS TGT Syllabus 2018 through this article. In this section, we provide topic Wise Syllabus for Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan Trained Graduate Teachers Syllabus 2018. Also, begin your preparation now itself as there is huge KVS Trained Graduate Teachers Exam 2018 Syllabus to cover for the exam. Also, access the previous papers for KVSL TGT Examination from our site for your preparation.
KVS TGT Exam Pattern 2018
The Exam pattern of KVS Trained Graduate Teachers TGT Exam has clearly mentioned on our website. The Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan Trained Graduate Teachers TGT Exam Paper has obctive type question of Different Sections like General Aptitude and Reasoning, General English, Numerical Aptitude and General Knowledge. Candidates who going to attending Exam can download the KVS Trained Graduate Teachers TGT Test Pattern and Syllabus on this page.
Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan TGT Syllabus
The KVS TGT Syllabus is provided for the candidates preparing for Exam. Candidates those who have applied for KVS TGT Recruitment can use this syllabus helps you to give your best in the Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan Exam. The KVS TGT Syllabus topics mentioned below.
Syllabus for examination to recruit TGT (Mathematics) in KVS
|S.No||TOPIC||Level of questions as per weightage: 80% |
As per CBSE Level from following:
|Level of questions as per weightage: 20% |
As per under graduate level
|1||Number System||NUMBER SYSTEMS|
Review of representation of natural numbers, integers, rational numbers on the number line. Representation
of terminating / non-terminating recurring decimals, on the number line through successive magnification.
Rational numbers as recurring/terminating decimals.
Examples of nonrecurring / non terminating decimals. Existence of non-rational numbers (irrational numbers) such as √2, √3 and their representation on the number line. Explaining that
every real number is represented by a unique point on the number line and conversely, every point on the
number line represents a unique real number.
Existence of √x for a given positive real number x (visual proof to be emphasized).
Definition of nth root of a real number.
Recall of laws of exponents with integral powers. Rational exponents with positive real bases (to be done by
particular cases, allowing learner to arrive at the general laws.)
Rationalization (with precise meaning) of real numbers of the type (& their combinations)
Euclid’s division lemma, Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic – statements after reviewing work done earlier
and after illustrating and motivating through examples, Proofs of results – irrationality of √2, √3, √5, decimal
expansions of rational numbers in terms of terminating/non-terminating recurring decimals.
|Elementary Number Theory:|
Peano’s Axioms, Principle of Induction; First Principle, Second Principle , Third Principle
Basis Representation Theorem
Greatest Integer Function Test of Divisibility
The Unique Factorisation Theorem, Congruence, Chinese Remainder Theorem
Sum of divisors of a number . Euler’s totient function
Theorems of Fermat and Wilson
Under Graduate Level:
R, R2, R3 as vector spaces over R and concept of Rn. Standard basis for
each of them. Concept of Linear Independence and examples of different
bases. Subspaces of R2, R3. Translation, Dilation, Rotation, Reflection in
a point, line and plane. Matrix form of basic geometric transformations.
Interpretation of eigenvalues and eigenvectors for such transformations
and eigenspaces as invariant subspaces. Matrices in diagonal form.
Reduction to diagonal form upto matrices of order 3. Computation of matrix
inverses using elementary row operations. Rank of matrix. Solutions of a
system of linear equations using matrices. Illustrative examples of above
concepts from Geometry, Physics, Chemistry, Combinatorics and
|2||Algebra||. POLYNOMIALS |
Definition of a polynomial in one variable, its coefficients, with examples and counter examples, its terms,
zero polynomial. Degree of a polynomial. Constant, linear, quadratic, cubic polynomials; monomials, binomials,
trinomials. Factors and multiples. Zeros/roots of a polynomial / equation. State and motivate the Remainder
Theorem with examples and analogy to integers. Statement and proof of the Factor Theorem. Factorization
of ax2 + bx + c, a ≠ 0 where a, b, c are real numbers, and of cubic polynomials using the Factor Theorem.
Recall of algebraic expressions and identities. Further identities of the type (x + y + z)2 = x2 + y2 + z2 + 2xy
+ 2yz + 2zx, (x ± y)3 = x3 ± y3 ± 3xy (x ± y).
x3 + y3 + z3 — 3xyz = (x + y + z) (x2 + y2 + z2 — xy — yz — zx) and their use in factorization of
polymonials. Simple expressions reducible to these polynomials.
2. LINEAR EQUATIONS IN TWO VARIABLES
Recall of linear equations in one variable. Introduction to the equation in two variables. Prove that a linear
equation in two variables has infinitely many solutions and justify their being written as ordered pairs of real
numbers, plotting them and showing that they seem to lie on a line. Examples, problems from real life,
including problems on Ratio and Proportion and with algebraic and graphical solutions being done
Zeros of a polynomial. Relationship between zeros and coefficients of a polynomial with particular reference
to quadratic polynomials. Statement and simple problems on division algorithm for polynomials with real
2. PAIR OF LINEAR EQUATIONS IN TWO VARIABLES
Pair of linear equations in two variables. Geometric representation of different possibilities of solutions/
Algebraic conditions for number of solutions. Solution of pair of linear equations in two variables algebraically
– by substitution, by elimination and by cross multiplication. Simple situational problems must be included.
Simple problems on equations reducible to linear equations may be included.
3. QUADRATIC EQUATIONS
Standard form of a quadratic equation ax2 + bx + c = 0, (a ≠ 0). Solution of the quadratic equations
(only real roots) by factorization and by completing the square, i.e. by using quadratic formula. Relationship
between discriminant and nature of roots.
Problems related to day to day activities to be incorporated.
4. ARITHMETIC PROGRESSIONS
Motivation for studying AP. Derivation of standard results of finding the nth term and sum of first n terms.
Elementary Inequalities, Absolute value, Inequality of means, Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, Tchebychef’s Inequality
Polynomial functions , Remainder & Factor Theorems and their converse ( advanced) , Relation between roots and coefficients , Symmetric functions of the roots of an equation., Common roots. Functional Equations.
Principle of Inclusion and Exclusion,Pigeon Hole Principle Recurrence Relations, Binomial Cofficients.
Under Graduate Level:
Sequences to be introduced through the examples arising in Science
beginning with finite sequences, followed by concepts of recursion and
difference equations. For instance, the sequence arising from Tower of
Hanoi game, the Fibonacci sequence arising from branching habit of trees
and breeding habit of rabbits. Convergenee of a sequence and algebra
or convergent sequences. Illustration of proof of convergence of some
simple sequences such as (–1)n/n, I/n2, (1+1/n)n, sin n/n, xn with ⏐x⏐ < 1.
Functions & sequences:
Sets. Functions and their graphs : polynomial, sine, cosine, exponential
and logarithmic functions. Motivation and illustration for these functions
through projectile motion, simple pendulum, biological rhythms, cell
division, muscular fibres etc. Simple observations about these functions
like increasing, decreasing and, periodicity. Sequences to be introduced
through the examples arising in Science beginning with finite sequences,
followed by concepts of recursion and difference equations. For instance,
the Fibonacci sequence arising from branching habit of trees and breeding
habit of rabbits. Intuitive idea of algebraic relationships and convergence.
Infinite Geometric Series. Series formulas for ex, log (1+x), sin x, cos x.
Step function. Intuitive idea of discontinuity, continuity and limits.
Differentiation. Conception to be motivated through simple concrete
examples as given above from Biological and Physical Sciences. Use of
methods of differentiation like Chain rule, Product rule and Quotient rule.
Second order derivatives of above functions. Integration as reverse
process of differentiation. Integrals of the functions introduced above.
1. INTRODUCTION TO EUCLID’S GEOMETRY
History – Euclid and geometry in India. Euclid’s method of formalizing observed phenomenon into rigorous
Mathematics with definitions, common/obvious notions, axioms/postulates and theorems. The five postulates
of Euclid. Equivalent versions of the fifth postulate. Showing the relationship between axiom and theorem.
1. Given two distinct points, there exists one and only one line through them.
2. (Prove) two distinct lines cannot have more than one point in common.
2. LINES AND ANGLES
1. (Motivate) If a ray stands on a line, then the sum of the two adjacent angles so formed is 180o and the
2. (Prove) If two lines intersect, the vertically opposite angles are equal.
3. (Motivate) Results on corresponding angles, alternate angles, interior angles when a transversal intersects
two parallel lines.
4. (Motivate) Lines, which are parallel to a given line, are parallel.
5. (Prove) The sum of the angles of a triangle is 180o.
6. (Motivate) If a side of a triangle is produced, the exterior angle so formed is equal to the sum of the two
interiors opposite angles.
1. (Motivate) Two triangles are congruent if any two sides and the included angle of one triangle is equal
to any two sides and the included angle of the other triangle (SAS Congruence).
2. (Prove) Two triangles are congruent if any two angles and the included side of one triangle is equal to
any two angles and the included side of the other triangle (ASA Congruence).
3. (Motivate) Two triangles are congruent if the three sides of one triangle are equal to three sides of the
other triangle (SSS Congruence).
4. (Motivate) Two right triangles are congruent if the hypotenuse and a side of one triangle are equal
(respectively) to the hypotenuse and a side of the other triangle.
5. (Prove) The angles opposite to equal sides of a triangle are equal.
6. (Motivate) The sides opposite to equal angles of a triangle are equal.
7. (Motivate) Triangle inequalities and relation between ‘angle and facing side’ inequalities in triangles.
1. (Prove) The diagonal divides a parallelogram into two congruent triangles.
2. (Motivate) In a parallelogram opposite sides are equal, and conversely.
3. (Motivate) In a parallelogram opposite angles are equal, and conversely.
4. (Motivate) A quadrilateral is a parallelogram if a pair of its opposite sides is parallel and equal.
5. (Motivate) In a parallelogram, the diagonals bisect each other and conversely.
6. (Motivate) In a triangle, the line segment joining the mid points of any two sides is parallel to the third
side and (motivate) its converse.
Review concept of area, recall area of a rectangle.
1. (Prove) Parallelograms on the same base and between the same parallels have the same area.
2. (Motivate) Triangles on the same base and between the same parallels are equal in area and its converse.
Through examples, arrive at definitions of circle related concepts, radius, circumference, diameter, chord,
arc, subtended angle.
1. (Prove) Equal chords of a circle subtend equal angles at the center and (motivate) its converse.
2. (Motivate) The perpendicular from the center of a circle to a chord bisects the chord and conversely,
the line drawn through the center of a circle to bisect a chord is perpendicular to the chord.
3. (Motivate) There is one and only one circle passing through three given non-collinear points.
4. (Motivate) Equal chords of a circle (or of congruent circles) are equidistant from the center(s) and
5. (Prove) The angle subtended by an arc at the center is double the angle subtended by it at any point on
the remaining part of the circle.
6. (Motivate) Angles in the same segment of a circle are equal.
7. (Motivate) If a line segment joining two points subtends equal angle at two other points lying on the
same side of the line containing the segment, the four points lie on a circle.
8. (Motivate) The sum of the either pair of the opposite angles of a cyclic quadrilateral is 180o and its
1. Construction of bisectors of line segments & angles, 60o, 90o, 45o angles etc., equilateral triangles.
2. Construction of a triangle given its base, sum/difference of the other two sides and one base angle.
3. Construction of a triangle of given perimeter and base angles.
Definitions, examples, counter examples of similar triangles.
1. (Prove) If a line is drawn parallel to one side of a triangle to intersect the other two sides in distinct
points, the other two sides are divided in the same ratio.
2. (Motivate) If a line divides two sides of a triangle in the same ratio, the line is parallel to the third side.
3. (Motivate) If in two triangles, the corresponding angles are equal, their corresponding sides are
proportional and the triangles are similar.
4. (Motivate) If the corresponding sides of two triangles are proportional, their corresponding angles are
equal and the two triangles are similar.
5. (Motivate) If one angle of a triangle is equal to one angle of another triangle and the sides including
these angles are proportional, the two triangles are similar.
6. (Motivate) If a perpendicular is drawn from the vertex of the right angle of a right triangle to the
hypotenuse, the triangles on each side of the perpendicular are similar to the whole triangle and to each
7. (Prove) The ratio of the areas of two similar triangles is equal to the ratio of the squares on their
8. (Prove) In a right triangle, the square on the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares on the other
9. (Prove) In a triangle, if the square on one side is equal to sum of the squares on the other two sides, the
angles opposite to the first side is a right traingle.
Tangents to a circle motivated by chords drawn from points coming closer and closer and closer to the
1. (Prove) The tangent at any point of a circle is perpendicular to the radius through the point of contact.
2. (Prove) The lengths of tangents drawn from an external point to circle are equal.
1. Division of a line segment in a given ratio (internally)
2. Tangent to a circle from a point outside it.
3. Construction of a triangle similar to a given triangle
Ceva’s Theorem,Menalus Theorem,Nine Point Circle,Simson’s Line,Centres of Similitude of Two Circles , Lehmus Steiner Theorem, Ptolemy’s Theorem
|4||Coordinate Geometry||COORDINATE GEOMETRY |
The Cartesian plane, coordinates of a point, names and terms associated with the coordinate plane, notations,
plotting points in the plane, graph of linear equations as examples; focus on linear equations of the type
ax + by + c = 0 by writing it as y = mx + c and linking with the chapter on linear equations in two variables.
LINES (In two-dimensions)
Review the concepts of coordinate geometry done earlier including graphs of linear equations. Awareness of
geometrical representation of quadratic polynomials. Distance between two points and section formula
(internal). Area of a triangle.
|5||Solid Geometry||1. AREAS |
Area of a triangle using Hero’s formula (without proof) and its application in finding the area of a quadrilateral.
2. SURFACE AREAS AND VOLUMES
Surface areas and volumes of cubes, cuboids, spheres (including hemispheres) and right circular cylinders/
AREAS OF PLANE FIGURES
Motivate the area of a circle; area of sectors and segments of a circle. Problems based on areas and
perimeter / circumference of the above said plane figures. (In calculating area of segment of a circle, problems
should be restricted to central angle of 60o, 90o & 120o only. Plane figures involving triangles, simple
quadrilaterals and circle should be taken.)
2. SURFACE AREAS AND VOLUMES
(i) Problems on finding surface areas and volumes of combinations of any two of the following: cubes,
cuboids, spheres, hemispheres and right circular cylinders/cones. Frustum of a cone.
(ii) Problems involving converting one type of metallic solid into another and other mixed problems. (Problems
with combination of not more than two different solids be taken.)
1. TRIGONOMETRIC RATIOS
Trigonometric ratios of an acute angle of a right-angled triangle. Proof of their existence (well defined);
motivate the ratios, whichever are defined at 0o & 90o. Values (with proofs) of the trigonometric ratios of
30o, 45o & 60o. Relationships between the ratios.
2. TRIGONOMETRIC IDENTITIES
Proof and applications of the identity sin2 A + cos2 A = 1. Only simple identities to be given. Trigonometric
ratios of complementary angles.
3. HEIGHTS AND DISTANCES
Simple and believable problems on heights and distances. Problems should not involve more than two right
triangles. Angles of elevation / depression should be only 30o, 45o, 60o.
|7||Probability & Stastics||1. STATISTICS |
Introduction to Statistics : Collection of data, presentation of data — tabular form, ungrouped / grouped,
bar graphs, histograms (with varying base lengths), frequency polygons, qualitative analysis of data to choose
the correct form of presentation for the collected data. Mean, median, mode of ungrouped data.
Mean, median and mode of grouped data (bimodal situation to be avoided). Cumulative frequency graph.
History, Repeated experiments and observed frequency approach to probability. Focus is on empirical
probability. (A large amount of time to be devoted to group and to individual activities to motivate the
concept; the experiments to be drawn from real – life situations, and from examples used in the chapter on
Classical definition of probability. Connection with probability as given in Class IX. Simple problems on
single events, not using set notation.
Under Graduate Level:
Elementary Probability and basic laws. Discrete and Continuous Random
variable, Mathematical Expectation, Mean and Variance of Binomial,
Poisson and Normal distribution. Sample mean and Sampling Variance.
Hypothesis testing using standard normal variate. Curve Fitting. Corelation
PLAN OF EXAMINATION AND SYLLABUS
FOR THE RECRUITMENT OF TGTs OF ENGLISHEXAMINATION OBJECTIVES
- To read with comprehension and not merely decode.
- To evaluate and infer a given text/s at local and global level.
- To skim and scam for specific and general information from a given text/s and read between the lines.
- To deduce the meaning of unfamiliar lexical items in a given text and provide synonyms / antonyms etc.
- To organize thoughts coherently in a piece of writing using a variety of cohesive devices.
- To write a short composition, e.g. notice, message or report in a given context and word limit.
- To write a long composition, e.g. article / speech / debate etc. presenting ideas/views/arguments coherently.
- To use an appropriate style , language / vocabulary and format for writing formal and informal letters with fluency and accuracy.
- To identify various grammatical items (mainly tenses, modals, voice, subject –verb concord, connectors, clauses, parts of speech, determiners , narration).
- To use the grammatical items accurately and appropriately in meaningful context.
- To understand interpret and respond to various features of a literacy text – style/text-type/theme/plot/social milieu /character/language etc
- To test the candidate’s knowledge of different authors, genres and themes from different parts of the world.
- To test the candidate’s familiarity with the emerging trends in writings eg:. Modern Writing, Indian- English writing , Latin-American Writing, English – Writing etc from varying cultural contexts.)
- To test the candidate’s sensitivity towards contemporary socio-cultural issues.
- To test the candidate’s critical thinking abilities.
Syllabus for recruitment of TGTs of English
The syllabus for the recruitment of TGTs of English is designed to test a candidate’s proficiency in language and knowledge of content acquired up to the graduate level. It aims to test the following :
(Section – A)
Ability to comprehend, analyze and interpret an unseen text
Three/four unseen texts of varying lengths (150-250 words) with a variety of objective type, multiple choice questions (including questions to test vocabulary) testing factual and global comprehension.
(Section – B)
Testing ability to express facts views / opinions in a coherent and logical manner in a style suitable to the task set.
B.1 One short writing task such as: notice, message or a postcard.
B.2 Writing a report of an event, process, or place.
B.3 Writing an article / debate / speech based on visual / verbal input on a given concurrent topic for e.g. environment, education, child labour, gender bias, drug- abuse etc presenting own views fluently.
B.4 Writing a letter (formal/informal) on the basis of verbal / visual input. Letter types include: (a) letter to the editor; (b) letter of complaint ; (c) letter of request ; (d) descriptive , personal letters.
Grammar and Usage
(Section – C)
Ability to apply the knowledge of syntax, language/ grammatical items and to use them accurately in context.
The following grammatical structures will be tested through multiple-choice questions :
- Subject- verb concord
- Parts of speech
- Sequencing to form a coherent sentence or a paragraph.
(Section – D)
To test the candidate’s familiarity with the works of writers of different genres and periods of English Literature
The candidate should have a thorough knowledge of :-
- Shakespeare’s works.
- Romantic Period (e.g. Shelley, Wordsworth , Keats, Coleridge, Byron etc.)
- 19th & 20th Century American and English Literature (e.g. Robert Frost Hemingway, Ted Hudges, Whitman, Hawthorne, Emily Dickinson, Bernard Shaw etc)
- Modern Indian Writing in English (e.g. Anita Desai, Vikram Seth , Nissim Ezekiel, K.N. Daruwala, Ruskin Bond, R.K. Narayan, Mulk Raj Anand, Khushwant Singh etc.)
- Modern Writings in English from different parts of the world.
Section – C Grammar And Usage
The following grammatical structures will be tested through error correction, editing, gap filling, sentence completion and multiple choice questions :
- Subject verb concord
- Parts of Speech
- Sequencing to form a coherent sentence or paragraph
Section – D Knowledge of Literature/Literacy Trends
|Question||Unit / Area of Testing||Length of Poem/Passage|
|D1||Critical Appreciation of a poem (unseen)|
|D2||Extract from a prose piece or drama (unseen)with questions testing any 3 0f the following|
|600 –700 words|
|D3||The question should carry 10 marks weightage, Which can be split into four-five objective type questions such as :|
- Section A,C & D3 will consist of objective type questions
- Section B and D (except D3) will consist of subjective type questions testing a candidate’s ability to write short/ long answer questions ranging from 50-500 words.
SYLLABUS FOR RECRUITMENT OF TGT(Sc)
DETAILED SYALLABUS (DIFFICULTY LEVEL GRADUATION)
UNIT 1:- EFFECT OF CURRENT
Potential; potential difference ohms law; series combination of resistors, parallel combination of resistors; Power dissipation due to current; Inter relation between P,V,I and R. Magnetic field & magnetic lines, Magnetic field due to current carrying conductor; Fleming left hand rule, Electromagnetic Induction; Induced Potential Difference, Induced current; Direct current, Alternating current; Frequency of AC, Advantage of Electronic Motor & Electronic Generator.
UNIT 2:- LIGHT
Convergence and Divergence of light; Images formed by a Concave Mirror; related concepts, centre of curvature; principles axis, optic centre, focus, focal length, Refraction & laws of refraction. Images formed by a convex lens; functioning of vision and remedies. Applications of spherical mirrors and lenses.
Appreciation of concept of refraction index; Twinkling of stars; Dispersion of light; Scattering of light.
- Focal length of a concave mirror & convex lens of a distance object.
- Refraction Index of a Glass Slab.
UNIT 3:- SOURCES OF ENERGY.
Different forms of Energy, Leading to different sources for human use: Fossil Fuels, solar energy; Biogas; Wind; Water and Tidal Energy; Nuclear Energy.
Renewable versus non-renewable sources.
UNIT 4 :- MOTION ; FORCE AND NEWTON’S LAWS.
Displacement, Velocity, uniform & Non-Uniform motion along a straight line, acceleration distance-time and velocity, Time graphs for uniform and uniformly accelerated motion; Equations of motion by graphical method Equations of motion by graphical method; Elementary idea of uniform circular motion.
Force and Motion; Newton’s laws of motion Inertia of a body; Inertia and Mass, Momentum Force and acceleration, Elementary idea of conservation of momentum, Action and Reaction forces.
UNIT 5:- GRAVITATION; WORK , ENERGY AND POWER
Gravitation; Universal Law Of Gravitation, Force of gravitation of the earth(gravity, acceleration due to gravity; mass and weight; free fall. Work done by a force energy, power ; Kinetic and Potential energy; law of conservation of energy.
UNIT 6:- FLOATATION
Thrust and Pressure, Archimedes Principle ,Buoyancy, Elementary idea of relative density.
Density of solid by using a Spring Balance & Measuring Cylinder
UNIT 7:- SOUND
Nature of Sound and its Propagation in various media, Speed of Sound, Range of hearing in Humans; Ultra Sound, Reflection of sound; Echo and SONAR; Structure of the Human Ear(Auditory aspect only)
Velocity of pulse propagated through a String.
Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan
Syllabus and Guidelines for recruitment of TGT (Science)- (Chemistry portion) in KVS.
|S.No.||Topic (Details of the syllabus)|
|1||Matter-Nature and Behaviour: States of matter: Gases, liquids, solids, plasma and Bose- Enstein condenstate, types of intermolecular forces.|
Classification of matter into mixtures and pure substances. Henry’s Law. Concentration of solutions.
Colloids- phases of colloids, Tyndall effect, Brownian movement. suspension.
Properties of matter. Measurement of properties of matter- S.I. system of units, physical and chemical changes.
Laws of chemical combination
Gay Lussac’s law, Avogadro law, atomic and molecular masses, average atomic mass, mole concept and molar masses, percentage composition.
|2||Structure of Atom: Dalton’s atomic theory, Discharge tube experiments, J J Thomson’s model of atom, Rutherford’s model, Bohr’s model of atom, electronic configuration, formation of ions, Characterisation of elements as metals, metalloids, or non-metals, isotopes (their applications), isobars and isotones.|
|3||Periodic Classification of Elements: Mendeleev’s periodic law, Periodic properties of elements, – trends in the periods and groups: Importance of the periodic table, position of hydrogen in the periodic table.|
|4||Chemical Substances – Nature and behaviour Acid, Bases and Salts: Classical definition of acids and bases, Bronsted- Lowry theory, Lewis concept of acid and bases, relative strengths of acids and bases, logarithmic or p scale- pH, pOH and pkw, ionic equilibria in a solution|
Action of indicators on acids and bases, sources of acid and bases, Salt-Classification of salts and their pH
|5||Chemical Reactions: Formulation of chemical equations, balancing chemical equations,|
Types of chemical equations with examples.
|6||Metals and Non- Metals: Characters of metals and non-metals including all properties and applicationsOccurrence of metals in nature : ores and minerals, enrichment of ores – metallurgical operations.|
Corrosion: rusting of iron – prevention of corrosion
|7||Carbon Compounds: Position of carbon in the periodic table. Concept of hybridization and shapes of molecules structural formula and molecular models, types of reactions undergone by organic compounds, homologous series of compounds having different functional groups, isomerism, IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds. Hydrocarbons – their classification formation of coal and petroleum.|
Industrial source, preparation and properties of alkanes
Alcohols: Preparation and properties. Qualitative analysis of alcohols, iodoform test, effect of alcohols on living beings.
Carboxylic acids: Preparation and properties.
Functional group analysis of carboxylic acid.
Soaps , detergents , biodegradable detergents. Carbon fibres.
|8||NATURAL RESOURCES: Our Environment:|
Atmosphere , role of atmosphere in climate control, wind, rain,Environmental pollution:
Global warming and green house effect, acid rain, particulate pollutants, smog, formation of photochemical smog.
Formation of ozone and its break down, ozone hole, causes of ozone hole formation, polar vortex, effects of depletion of ozone hole.
Water pollution- oxygen demand, chemical oxygen demand, International standard of drinking water, processing of drinking water.
Soil pollution: waste recycling, Strategies to control environmental pollution,
its collection and proper methods of disposal.
Biogeochemical cycles: water cycle, nitrogen cycle, carbon cycle and oxygen cycle.
|9||Conservation of Natural Resources:|
Pollution of river water, Ganga action plan for improving quality of water,
(1) Need for sustainable management of natural resources.
Development of non- conventional energy resources to prevent pollution and atmospheric conservation.
|10||Man Made Material: Ceramics, cement, porcelein, glass, carbon fibres, soaps and detergents, polymers, fibres and plastics.|
PROPOSED SYLLABUS FOR Social Science TGT [X]
- Contemporary World
- Industrial Revolution
- Economic Depression
- Labour &Peasant class issues
- Growth of industries in India in twentieth
- Features of colonial society in India
- French Revolution
- The Revolt of 1857
- Indian Freedom Struggle – 1885 to 1947
- Power sharing
- Democracy and Diversity
- Political parties
- Challenges to Democracy
- Popular struggle and movements –like in Nepal, Bolivia
Proposed syllabus for TGT (Social Science) KVS
Introduction to solar system; origin of earth,
Motions of the Earth: Rotation, Revolution, Occurrence of Day and Night; change of seasons; Latitudes and Longitudes; Finding time.
Earth’s Interior: Origin of continents and ocean basins Wegener’s Continental drift theory, Theory of Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes and Volcanoes, Folding and faulting
Rocks and minerals: Types of rocks; soil formation; major types and characteristics.
Agents of gradation: Weathering, mass wasting, running water, wind, glaciers, sea waves and Karsat topography
Atmosphere – Composition and structure, elements of weather and climate
Insulation -Heat Budget, Heating and cooling of atmosphere, Conduction, Convection, Solar Radiation, Terrestrial raditiation, Advection, Temperature, Factors controlling temperature, distribution of temperature-horizontal and vertical
Pressure -Pressure belts, winds, cyclones and anti-cyclone,
Evaporation, condensation and precipitation and their forms: Humidity, rainfall and its types.
World climates- Classification, greenhouse effect, global worming and global climate change.
Water (Oceans): Distribution of water bodies on the Earth’s surface; hydrological cycle.
Ocean- Submarine relief, distribution of temperature and salinity; movement of ocean water’s-waves, tides currents of Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Ocean
Maps and Scales- Definition and classification
Finding directions, conventional signs
Techniques of representing relief features on map; contours, Hachures, Hill shading, layer tinting.
Representation of climatic data; line and Bar Graph, (Climograph) Isotherms, isobars and isohyets
Biosphere: Ecology, type of Eco-System, structure and functions of Eco-system-Food Chain, Food Web, World Biomes, Ecological Balance , Biodiversity and its conservation.
India (Size and Location)
Physical features of India
Geological Structure, Physiographic divisions, drainage system and its evolution.
Climate: origin and mechanism of Indian monsoon, Seasons of India, Classification of Climate of India (Coeppen’s) Soil: Types and distribution: Natural vegetation: types and distribution.
Growth and Distribution of population: Causes & Factors
Migration-Causes and consequences
Population theories & their relevance- Malthus, Demographic transition – theory
Population composition and its Attributes: Population and sustainable development; Population as a resource; Population problems and polices with reference to India.
Resources and Development
Meaning, nature and Components of resources and environment; Resources, environment and technology interface: classification of resources.
Distribution, utilization, economic and environmental significance and conservation of water, Minerals, Forests and fisheries; production and distribution of major crops, wild life resource and energy resources.
Wet and dry agriculture, Intensive, Extensive, shifting, commercial and plantation agricultural development and problems, crop intensity, major crops.
Classification, locational factors, types and distribution, industrial clusters of India, Production and distribution of sugar, Cotton Textile Iron and steel, chemicals and electronic industries.
Life lines of National Economy
Means of transportation and communication, Roads, Railways, waterways and airways, oil and gas pipelines, National electric grid, radio, television satellite and computers
International trade – Changing pattern of India’s foreign trade, sea ports and airports: Tourism as trade.
Understanding Disaster and Hazards.
Type of Disasters- Natural & Manmade.
- Disaster Management : Becoming a Disaster manager. Components of Disaster management.
- Disaster risk reduction: Disaster risk management. Understanding Disaster mitigation. Specific Hazards and mitigation.
- Common manmade Disasters and their prevention
- Community based Disaster Management and social planning for Disasters.
- Tsunami: The killer sea waves.
- Survival skills: During and After Disaster.
- Alternative Communication system.
- Safe construction Practices
- Sharing Responsibilities
- Planning Ahead
Components of production
People as Resource
- Economic activities/ non economic activities
Poverty as a challenge
- Poverty line
- Poverty & inequality
- Policies for poverty reduction
- Poverty estimates
Food security in India
- Food security
- Green revolution
- Buffer stock
- Issue Price/Support price
- Role of co-operative societies in food security
Growth/Development and structural development:
- Growth and distribution, sustainable agricultural growth
- Growth structural changes
- Population and human resource development
- Purchasing power parity (PPP)
- Main features of Indian Economy at the time of Independence
- Economic development
- Gross enrolment ratio
- Foreign trade & Economic development
- Development & under development
- Distribution of Income/factors of development
Sectors of the Economy
- Classification of Sectors like- Primary/Secondary/Organized/unorganized/Public/Private sector
- Small and Large Industry
- Performance of the Public Sector
- Employment growth in the Industrial sector
Money & Credit
- Indian Monetary System
- Function of money
- Banks :
- Central Bank function
- Commercial Banks
- Self help Groups (SHGs)
- Debt trap
- Demand of money & supply of money
- Financial markets
- Money and capital market
- Monetary aggregates in India.
- Industrial Revolution
- Economic Depression
- Labour &Peasant class issues
- Growth of industries in India in twentieth
- Features of colonial society in India
The Revolt of 1857
Indian Freedom Struggle – 1885 to 1947
Russian Revolution-1917, Causes, Events, Impact on Russia and the World, Consequences
Rise of Socialism
- Philosophy of Karl Marx
- Socialism in Europe
- Impact of Socialism
Rise of Fascist Forces in Germany & Italy
The Two World Wars and the establishment of UN
- Power sharing
- Democracy and Diversity
- Political parties
- Challenges to Democracy
- Popular struggle and movements –like in Nepal, Bolivia
- Salient Features
- Local Self Government
- Democracy in India & the World
- Indian Constitution
- Framing of the constitution
- Adoption of the constitution
- Working of Institutions –Parliament ,
- Fundamental Rights