UPSC CDS 2 Syllabus 2023 PDF (Latest) IMA, INA, AFA, OTA Exam Pattern, Subject Wise Topics

UPSC CDS 2 Syllabus & Exam Pattern PDF: The Union Public Service Commission has released UPSC CDS 2 Syllabus on its Official Web portal @ The UPSC Combined Defence Services (CDS) II Apprentice Exam Pattern is uploaded on this page for the sake of the Candidates. Candidates who had applied for UPSC CDS 1 & 2 Jobs and preparing for Apprentice Exam 2023 should check this article for UPSC CDS 1 & 2 Syllabus and test pattern PDF. Here we have uploaded the Subject Wise Syllabus and Detailed Exam Pattern to help the Aspirants in their Exam Preparation. So all the Applicants are advised to read this article completely and Download the UPSC Combined Defence Services (CDS) II Apprentice Syllabus and Exam Pattern for the Below Section for free of cost.

UPSC CDS II Exam Syllabus 2023 PDF

Organization NameUnion Public Service Commission (UPSC)
Post NameCombined Defence Services (CDS) II Exam
Selection Process
  • Written Test
  • Personal Interview
  • Personality Test
Job LocationAcross India


Check UPSC CDS II Exam Pattern 2023

The UPSC CDS II Syllabus contains a complete description of the topics from which questions are given in the exam paper. And the exam pattern contains the marks and duration given for each topic. So before going to an exam, the candidates should be fully prepared. By reading the UPSC CDS II syllabus and Exam Pattern along with previous papers you will get a clear idea about the examination. And it is also very useful for in time management in the exam, from that you can attempt the complete questions given in the question paper. Automatically the exam score and performance will also be increased, so don’t neglect and start working on this recruitment.

For Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy, and Air Force Academy:

Name of SubjectMaximum MarksDuration of Time
English1002 Hours
General Knowledge
Elementary Mathematics
Exam Type: Objective Type MCQs

For Officers’ Training Academy:

Name of SubjectMaximum MarksDuration of Time
English1002 Hours
General Knowledge
Exam Type: Objective Type MCQs

Download UPSC CDS II Syllabus 2023 PDF @


The scheme, standard, and syllabus of the examination


  1. The Competitive examination comprises:
  • Written examination as shown in para 2
  • Interview for intelligence and personality test (vide Part ‘B’ of this Appendix) of such candidates as may be called for interview at one of the Services Selection

The subjects of the written examination, the time allowed and the maximum marks allotted to each subject will be as follows:

(a) For Admission to Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy, and Air

Force Academy:—
SubjectDurationMaximum Marks
1. English2 Hours100
2. General Knowledge2 Hours100
3.  Elementary Mathematics2 Hours100

(b) For Admission to Officers’ Training Academy:—



1. English2 Hours100
2. General Knowledge2 Hours100

The maximum marks allotted to the written examination and to the interviews will be equal for each course i.e. the maximum marks allotted to the written examination and to the interviews will be 300, 300, 300, and 200 each for admission to the Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy,  Air  Force  Academy and Officers’ Training Academy respectively.

  1. The papers in all the subjects will consist of objective type questions only. The question papers (Test Booklets) of General Knowledge and Elementary Mathematics will be set bilingually in Hindi as well as
  2. In the question papers, wherever necessary, questions involving the metric system of Weights and Measures only will be
  3. Candidates must write the papers in their own hands. In no circumstances will they be allowed the help of a scribe to write answers for
  4. The Commission has the discretion to fix qualifying marks in any  or  all  the subjects of the
  5. The candidates are not permitted to use a calculator for answering objective-type papers (Test Booklets). They should not, therefore, bring the same inside the Examination



The standard of the papers in Elementary Mathematics will be of Matriculation level. The standard of papers in other subjects will approximately be such as may be expected of a graduate of an Indian University.


The question paper will be designed to test the candidates’ understanding of English and workmanlike use of words.


General Knowledge includes knowledge of current events and of such matters of everyday observation and experience in their scientific aspects as may be expected of an educated person who has not made a special study of any scientific subject. The paper will also include questions on the History of India and Geography of a  nature which candidates should be able to answer without special study.


Number System—Natural numbers, Integers, Rational and Real numbers. Fundamental operations, addition, subtraction, multiplication,  division,  Square roots, Decimal fractions. Unitary method, time and distance, time and work, percentages, applications to simple and compound interest, profit and loss, ratio and proportion, variation.

Elementary Number Theory—Division algorithm. Prime and composite numbers. Tests of divisibility by 2, 3, 4, 5, 9, and 11. Multiples and factors. Factorization Theorem. H.C.F. and L.C.M. Euclidean algorithm. Logarithms to base 10, laws of logarithms, use of logarithmic tables.


Basic Operations, simple factors, Remainder Theorem, H.C.F., L.C.M., Theory of polynomials, solutions of quadratic equations, the relation between its roots and coefficients (Only real roots to be considered). Simultaneous linear equations in two unknowns—analytical and graphical solutions. Simultaneous linear inequations in two variables and their solutions. Practical problems leading to two simultaneous linear equations or inequations in two variables or quadratic equations in one variable & their solutions. Set language and set notation, Rational expressions, conditional identities, Laws of indices.


Sine ×, cosine ×, Tangent × when 0° < × < 90° Values of sin ×, cos ×, and tan ×, for × = 0°, 30°, 45°, 60°, and 90°

Simple trigonometric identities. Use of trigonometric tables.

Simple cases of heights and distances.


Lines and angles, Plane and plane figures, Theorems on (i) Properties of angles at a point, (ii) Parallel lines, (iii) Sides and angles of a triangle, (iv) Congruency of triangles, (v) Similar triangles, (vi) Concurrence of medians and altitudes, (vii) Properties of angles, sides, and diagonals of a parallelogram, rectangle, and square,

(viii) Circles and their properties including tangents and normals, (ix) Loci.


Areas of squares, rectangles, parallelograms, triangles,s, and circles. Areas of figures can be split up into these figures (Field Book), Surface area and volume of cuboids, lateral surface and volume of right circular cones and cylinders,  surface area, and volume of spheres.


Collection and tabulation of statistical data, Graphical representation frequency polygons, histograms, bar charts, pie charts, etc. Measures of central tendency.


The SSB procedure consists of a two-stage Selection process – stage I and stage II. Only those candidates who clear stage I are permitted to appear for stage II.  The details are:-

  • Stage I comprises of Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) tests are Picture Perception* Description Test (PP&DT). The candidates will be shortlisted based on a combination of performance in the OIR Test and PP&DT.
  • Stage II Comprises of Interview, Group Testing Officer Tasks, Psychology Tests, and the Conference. These tests are conducted over 4 days. The details of these tests are given on the website

The personality of a candidate is assessed by three different assessors viz. The Interviewing Officer (IO), Group Testing Officer (GTO), and the  Psychologist. There is no separate weightage for each test. The marks are allotted by assessors only after taking into consideration the performance of the candidate holistically in all the tests. In addition, marks for Conference are also allotted based on the initial performance of the Candidate in the three techniques and decisions of the Board. All these have equal weightage.

The various tests of IO, GTO, and Psych are designed to bring out the presence/absence of Officer Like Qualities and their trainability in a candidate. Accordingly, candidates are Recommended or Not Recommended at the SSB.



Candidates are required to apply online by using the website

UPSC CDS 2 Syllabus – Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

What is the Exam Pattern for UPSC CDS 2 Exam?

The Detailed UPSC CDS 2 Exam Pattern is available @

What are the Subjects involved in UPSC CDS 2 Syllabus?

English, General Knowledge, Elementary Mathematics

How Many Questions will be asked in UPSC CDS 2 Exam 2023?

A Total of 100 Questions will be asked in UPSC CDS 2 Exam

For How Many Marks the UPSC CDS 2 Exam will be conducted?

The UPSC CDS 2 Exam will be Conducted for 100 Marks

Where can I get the UPSC CDS 2 Syllabus PDF?

The UPSC CDS 2 Syllabus PDF is available @

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